Abbreviations and Book References used for Wrenching News Antique Wrench Auctions

ABBREVIATIONS USED
adj - adjustable
ali - alligator
alum - aluminum
apld - applied
auto - automobile
B & C - Bemis & Call
B & S - Billings & Spencer
bike - bicycle
box - box end
bug - buggy
ci - cast iron
comb - combination
cres - Crescent type
c/o - cut out
D and number - W. Dill's John Deere List
dn - down
Dp - Deering pattern
dia - diameter
diff var - different variation
db - double
doe - double open end
fl/st - flat steel
ham - hammer
hdl - handle
hb - hubcap
HP and number - Herb Page's Coes ID number
ID - identified as
L - left
mal - malleable iron
Moss - Mossberg
mky - monkey
nib -new in box
nos - new old stock
mid - middle
nw - nut wrench
oe - open end
org - original
pat - patent
pend - pending
pic - picture
pw - pipe wrench
qk adj - quick adjust
R - right
R and number - page in Rathbone's
rat - ratchet
S and number - page in Schulz's
s or sw - s shaped wrench
sc - screw type adjustment
sc/dr - screwdriver
sc wr - screw wrench
sep - separator
soc - socket
soe - single open end
sp/pl - spark plug
sq - square
t or tw - tee type wrench
var - variation
v-grip - Vise-grip type
V & B - Vaughan & Bushnell
w/ - with
W & B - Whitman & Barnes
wag - wagon
wdg - wedge
wh - wood handle
whmw - wood handled monkey wench
wr - wrench

BOOK REFERENCES
C# - KENNETH COPE'S "American Wrench Makers 1830 - 1930"
D# - WAYNE DILL'S "John Deere and Merged Companies Wrenches and Tools 2007 Edition"
Irps - GILL IRPS' "International Harvester & Merged Companies Tools"
Hammer Book # - # - BAIRD AND COMERFORD'S - "The Hammer the King of Tools" (page and item number)
HP# - HERB PAGE'S "The Brothers Coes and Their Legacy of Wrenches" (# is Herb's ID number)
R# - P. T. RATHBONE'S "The History of Old Time Farm Implement Companies & The Wrenches They Issued"
S# - ALFRED SCHULZ'S "Antique and Unusual Wrenches"
Smith# - RICHARD SMITH'S "Collectors Guide for Fencing Tools"


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